The water coming from melting ice and snow or rain is called stormwater. The stormwater should evaporate or infiltrate the ground in the natural situation. However, in habitats such as forests, the soil absorbs plenty of stormwater. Also, plants help to hold a lot of water ensuring that there is very little runoff.
Defining stormwater management
It is the effort put to minimize the runoff of melted snow or rainwater into lawns, streets, or other sites. Stormwater management also deals with improving water quality.
When the soil absorbs stormwater, it gets filtered and eventually flows into rivers or streams. However, excessive rainfall creates heavy moisture after hitting the ground.
This excess moisture runs across the road ditches and storm sewers. Water often has different types of pollutants in it, such as eroded soil, bacteria, chemicals, and debris. It eventually carries these pollutants to wetlands, lakes, rivers, or streams.
Importance of Stormwater Management
1. Prevents the Threat of Flooding
Effective stormwater management helps to prevent floods. Localities embracing stormwater management have less chance of flooding. Areas with less vegetation and urban areas are more prone to experience flooding after heavy downpours if proper stormwater management techniques are not deployed.
Flooding also leads to property damage and loss of life in localities without proper stormwater management
2. Prevents Unwanted Erosion
Stormwater management reduces the amount and speed of water flowing to the rivers and streams. Thus, it helps to stop excessive erosion. When there is a lack of proper stormwater management, it can make rivers and streams flood. The phenomenon can affect the livelihood of communities living there. A flooded river can break its banks and the excess water spill to the nearby farms to destroy crops.
3. Maintenance of Healthy Lakes, Streams, and Aquatic Life
The maintenance of aquatic life, lakes, and streams is possible because of effective stormwater management. In the absence of proper stormwater management, there can be a drop in infiltration that can reduce groundwater recharge and soil replenishment.
It is imperative to note that soil moisture is crucial to sustaining vegetation. Thus, stormwater management also has a part to play to maintain the natural hydrologic cycle. It helps to replenish underground water, ensuring that people get sufficient water for agricultural and domestic purposes.
4. Safeguards Quality of Water
Stormwater management plays a crucial role in ensuring water quality. It means contaminants like pesticides, plastic, metals, oil, and grease from daily activities and gardens can build upon surfaces. When stormwater management is unavailable, water can carry these pollutants to lakes, streams, oceans, and groundwater.
Contact J Keen Construction, LLC for proper stormwater management, new construction installs, repairs, inspections, and maintenance services. You may approach them for quality stormwater management in Baltimore, stormwater management in Annapolis, and stormwater management in Prince Frederick. The company also provides professional trucking and milling machine services.